The hair problems we experience can sometimes be mild and mostly related to improper choice of hair care cosmetics and related procedures. On the other hand, some hair problems can be serious, caused by major health issues. When it comes to health-related hair loss, there are a couple of main causes which result in the loss of hair: hormone related hair loss, genetic diseases causing sporadic falling out of hair (such as alopecia or thyroid disease), stress related hair thinning or intentional and physical hair pulling (trichotillomania). Basically, a lot of hair problems stem from physical or psychological reasons, and the latter is often ignored by a lot of people.
One of the common diseases which cause hair loss is alopecia. Now you may be asking, what is it and what are its symptoms? To simplify, alopecia is a broad term that encompasses various types of the disease. Still, alopecia is an autoimmune disease which causes your own immune system to attack your hair follicles cells. Therefore no matter what type of alopecia you have, it will almost always relate to hair loss or hair thinning. Depending on a particular type of alopecia your hair can be simply thinning, or in more common and usual cases, you’ll start losing a substantial number of hair strands, either in specific patches or as a whole. Overall, alopecia causes these possible outcomes: thinner hair, visible hair thinning, receding hairlines, partial hair loss, substantial hair loss, bald patches and complete baldness.
The most troublesome type of alopecia is the so-called alopecia areata in which you lose substantial amount of hair through emergence of bald patches, usually appearing in random spots around your scalp. During severe cases of alopecia areata you can lose all hair. Another common tape of alopecia is the so called involutional alopecia. Involutional alopecia is a rather natural condition, experienced by many older people, whereby hair is gradually lost because of natural aging process. This isn’t a disease as much; however, it is nonetheless caused by ageing, and thus your genes. In other words, during involutional alopecia, more and more of your hair follicles simply enter their resting phase and never become active again – it is thus a genetic defect. As a result, your hair becomes visibly shorter, thinner and eventually stops growing at all. Unfortunately, there’s no real cure for involutional alopecia, you can only try to slow down its process and effects or add health and thickness to your existing hair through regular application of relevant products.